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A branch of linguistics that studies words meanings and relations between them in the lexicon.

simple word

A word that consists of one root morpheme.


A stem is what remains after the removal of inflectional suffixes.

subjunctive mood

A verbal category that represents hypothetical (possible) situations and outcomes.


A type of affix placed after the root morpheme.


The use of two or more different root morphemes to represent the same lexeme in different grammatical contexts.

syntagmatic perspective

studies how the choice of a word form depends on the word's relation to other words in the sentence.


A branch of linguistics that studies how words combine together in a sentence.